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Ceiling Fan Basics

Two reasons to install a ceiling fan, cooling and heating. If you live in a cold climate, fans can push warm air gathered near the ceiling back down.

Ceiling fans might be easy to put in when you’ve got some mechanical aptitude. Current ceiling fans include remote-controls to vary speed and adjust lighting. In case your room already has a light fixture in the ceiling, your light fixture probably has one hot or feed wire going to it, the neutral white and the bonding green or copper. Essentially that is a three-wire system. Many new construction homes have four wires available, one for the light and one for the fan motor control and the neutral and ground. When you only have one Hot wire feeding the ceiling junction box, the remote-control fans will work along with your application. Additionally some remote-controlled fans use wall controller which sends its signal to the fan identical to a TV remote. It just looks like a wall control unit. For those who only need the facility wire on your remote-controlled fan, please cap off the fourth wire which you is not going to need to use. This should be shown in your directions that came with the fan assembly.

Upon getting acquired a fan you want, assemble it according to the instructions given. Some fans are a bit more complex, ask a friend to assist if need be. It is best to verify it is assembled correctly, having a ceiling fan blade thud you on the head could be annoying. After you have the pre-assembly completed, now you can prepare the ceiling junction box. Of course I know you could have already made sure the ability to the ceiling box is turned off and nobody can energize it accidentally. After getting done this, you should find three wires in the J-box. A copper or green wire for bonding. A white wire for the neutral and a red or black wire for the ability. In case your junction box has a fourth wire, this can be arrange for a wall controlled fan switch which is great and allows you to make use of a non-remote wall controller. I should mention that some all fans come with a wall controllers designed as remotes so don’t be confused as these all work with the singular feed in your ceiling junction box.

A word about weight, not yours but a word about the scale of your fan. When you have a large fan and its weighted near 12 pounds or more, you may have a special junction box that can support the extra weight. I might recommend you ask someone who knows about these heavier fans if that’s what you’re going to put in. Most fans are lighter and will be installed in most junction boxes without modifications.

Now let’s get it up there, the fan that is. Many fans include a Hanger shaped like a U. Install this hanger onto your box, the screws ought to be 8/32 types. Meaning a size 8 diameter or gauge screw with 32 threads per inch. Upon getting the hanger installed, pick up your fan motor without the blades installed and hang it on the hanger. This enables you the electrician to hook up the wires without struggling to juggle the motor and wire it at the identical time. Connect the bonding wire to the chassis as noted within the instructions. Next connect the white neutral wire, and now the black wire. Swing the fan into place using the parts provided. Some have brackets, some use a metal plate while others use preformed mounting bases. Use your instructions and you should have a fan very quickly. Smaller fans may require you to pre-assemble your blades before hanging the fan. I always found installing the motor first after which installing the blades last is way easier. It does require however, you to work above your head to get the blades attached.

Once you have the fan hanging, the blades installed and everything tightened now you can step off the ladder, take a deep breath, then install the wall controller as provided. These all vary in design but they all follow similar procedures. Remember, you’ll have a line and load situation here. This means, the road side is the set of wires the feed into the switch box from the panel while the Load side goes to your fan. This is critical so be sure you understand the difference. Connect the Load side first: Connect your bonding wire first. Then connect your white neutral wire. Then your hot wire. Next do the road (incoming) side next: Bond or ground should already be made as much as the new controller. Next wire your white neutral to the controllers neutral for the line side. You could have already wired your neutrals together based on your instructions. Now wire your Hot or Power wire to the road side of your controller. You probably have the fourth wire in there, cap it off or use it for the motor control and connect it accordingly to your directions. Red to Red is usually the case here. Once completed, make yourself some Iced Tea and enjoy your new fan.

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